Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders today, with nearly 20 million diagnosed cases reported in the United States alone. It is estimated that it is also the most rapidly growing lifestyle-related metabolic conditions in the South-east Asia and the peninsular region, as more and more children and young adults continue to be diagnosed every- year.
There are mainly three types of Diabetes: A). Type-1: Diabetes mellitus or Insulin-dependant diabetes; Juvenile diabetes; genetic condition; no insulin produced in body. B). Type-2: Non-insulin dependant or Adult-onset diabetes, insufficient production of insulin or loss of cell’s ability to efficiently utilize Insulin. C). Gestational diabetes: common during pregnancy due to elevated levels of glucose developed during pregnancy; affects both foetus and mother.
Diabetes is characterized by high levels of Glucose the body (Hyperglycemia), caused due to insufficient production, and/or the inability of the cells to utilize insulin, the principal glucose regulating hormone in the body. Insulin is produced and secreted in the Pancreas, and transported through the blood into the cells in response to elevated levels of glucose in the blood. Inside the cells, glucose eventually breaks down to release energy and other essential molecular by-products. Thus, insulin is essential for energy metabolism, to balance glucose levels in the blood, and transport of glucose into the fat and muscle cells.
Diabetes can be a highly debilitating condition with various systemic complications. It is characterized by the presence of Glucose in the urine (Glycosuria), elevated levels of Urea in urine (Polyuria), ketoacidosis (ketone bodies and increased acidity of blood) leading to Ketone breath, blurring of vision that could lead to diabetic retinopathy, Glaucoma, Cataract; Polyphagia (excessive hunger), frequent urination, Chronic fatigue and lethargy. It reduces immunity, delays the wound healing […]